Q6. Vanessa Nakate: Who is she? And why is this photograph important?

Vanessa Nakate is a Ugandan climate activist who wants to bring attention to the effects of climate change in her country and around Africa. Though Africa produces only 2% — 3% of the world’s carbon emissions, the continent is considered to be the most vulnerable to climate change and its effects are already being felt.

The photo above looks like the photo was like that originally, but Nakate was cropped out of the AP news agency photo with European climate activists at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. She felt that it was systematic racism because only white activists were getting praised and black activists were not, and therefore wanted to speak up about it.

On social media, she uploaded a video saying that she understood the definition of the word racism and that they don’t deserve this. She also mentioned that “Africa is the least emitter of carbons, but we are the most affected by the climate crisis … You erasing our voices won’t change anything. You erasing our stories won’t change anything.”

Q8. The Green New Deal: Millennials and Gen Z: What is the Green New Deal? Who Coined the Term and why is it important? What do you think of this video message from the future and the core collaboration behind it?

The Green New Deal is a congressional resolution that lays out a grand plan for fighting against climate change that was first rose in 2007. The first use of the term “Green New Deal” was by journalist Thoman Friedman.

From the 1970s, there was an economic policy to move the United States economy away from nonrenewable energy that was developed by activists in the labor and the environmental movements. Senator Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez brought up the Green New Deal again in 2018 and from then, she went for launching a policy that would make sure that any policy to meet the climate crisis and its impacts also benefits low-income communities and other marginalized populations.

The video message from the future draws a vision of a future where the Green New Deal is applied to our society with much impact. The 7-minute video went very fast and the drawings that went well with the narration made me watch the video with much more interest and concentration.

Q9. Who is Boyan Slat? What does he have to do with the Pacific Garbage Patch? What has he achieved since this 2012 TedTalk, delivered at age 18?

Boyan Slat is a Dutch inventor and an entrepreneur. He is the CEO of the group The Ocean Cleanup, who was an aerospace engineer as a student.

The group is established to develop advanced technologies to get rid of the world’s oceans of plastic. When they have achieved their goal of a 90% reduction in ocean plastic, their project is finished and their work will be done, and The Ocean Cleanup has estimated to be able to remove 50% of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch every five years. The Ocean Cleanup team compiled an unprecedented amount of data to better understand the plastic that persists in the Pacific Garbage Patch.

Now in his 20s, after the Ted Talk, Boyan Slat’s system doesn’t directly target plastic but instead uses the ocean’s natural currents to concentrate the plastic and then extract it.